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marred by fraud, president karzai and his rival pulls out. president obama sends 30,000 more troops to afghanistan part of the surge. 180 die as ethnic violence erupts in western china haven't troops are sent in to restore order. western leaders accuse iran of building a second nuclear plant diss despite a u.n. ban. six years after the invasion, american troops hand over power in towns and cities. welcome to this week's news review, major stories seen on bbc during the second half of 2009. in july, six years after american-led forces invaded iraq, president obama has announced thetch withdrawn from the country's towns and cities but he warped difficult days lay ahead as iraqis celebrated. a car bomb in the northern city killed 25 people. e bbc's jim muir witnessed events in baghdad. >> despite the bombs an iraqi victory parade to celebrate the last american leaving baghdad and other cities. on the streets, jubilation. across the board, everyone is glad to see the americans go, it means iraqis are back in charge. >> today we saw great pleasure mixed with deep sorrow. the pleasure of
nominees. president karzai says the president's decision was bad news, but will be respected. >> it was a long and disappointing way 400 karzai. -- disappointing for karzai. his 17 rejected included a controversial former warlord who fought against the taliban. president carter signed wanted him to continue as energy minister. -- president karzai what did him to continue. he pledged to place more women in government posts in a male- dominated society. the nominations for justice, commerce, and communication also failed. among the successful reappointment or the interior minister and defense minister, but no one has been nominated to fill the post of foreign minister. it will not be decided until a conference on afghanistan takes place this month. the president said he will make some nominations but it is uncertain who he will announce. parliament has spoken and the president said he will respect its decision. the western allies will make it clear they want to tackle corruption and threaten to withhold funding from any ministry run by a corrupt politician. >> rescue operations
of canada about the cabinet picks for hamid karzai. what is the concern over the choices that president karzai is making? guest: he has now made two set of choices. he nominated one slate of cabinet officials, about 24 of them. 17 were rejected by the parliament. but arlin is in a healthy move, asserting itself. this is a good thing -- the parliament is, in a healthy move, asserting itself. this is a good thing, checks and balances. he looked at the first slate of nominees by president karzai and parliament did not like them. they did confirm the most important cabinet choices from president karzai, the minister of defense and the minister of interior, which handles all of the police. the minister of finance, the minister of agriculture, when the biggest recipients of assistance. -- one of the biggest recipient of assistance. those picks are clear. president karzai has recently over the weekend submitted a second state to replace those that were rejected the first time. these are lesser-known people. the second slate are lesser- known people. many people have not heard -- many afghans h
. president karzai told a conference that his company -- country was moving slowly toward national security. of the next 45 minutes, british and afghan leaders and the un secretary general outline their goals. general mcchrystal has the international forces serving with such distinction in afghanistan and soon to be over 100,000 strong. foreign ministers, distinguished guests representing over 70 nations and international organizations, including every single member of the 43 nation strong international security assistance force. representing also afghanistan's key regional and muslim partners with whom we are pleased to work and his involvement in this worldwide coalition to support peace and stability in this crucial region are especially welcome to. this is a decisive time for the international cooperation that is helping the afghan people secure and govern their own country. for this conference marked the beginning of the transition process, of bring the necessary conditions under which we can begin district by district, a provident -- province by province, the transferring of responsib
in the afghan parliament was a stinging rebuke to president hamid karzai, rejecting 17 of his 24 cabinet nominees. the prize move caused new disarray. two months after karzai was declared winner of a presidential election plagued by fraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter break so it vote on a new list of nominees that he's now preparing. he's under pressure to show progress in governing by january 28 when an international conference on the afghan mission convenes in london. among the rejected nominees was influential word lord khan and the only woman karzai had named. lawmakers criticized many on the list as unqualified political cronies. several holdovers in vital posts were approved. among them the defense minister and the minister of interior. along with the ministers of finance, education, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassador today and asked him how big a setback this was to karzai. >> it may be a temporary setback for the president but it's a step forward for the democracy in afghanistan. it's really happy for the parliament of afghanistan to do their j
cabinet nominees. the prize move csed new disarray. two months aer karzai was clared winner of a presential election plagued byraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter bak so it ve on a new list of nomine that he's now preparing. 's under pressure to show progress igoverning by january 28 wn an inrnational conference on the afghan missi convenes in lond. among the rejected nominees was inuential word lord khan and e only woman karzai had named. lawmers criticized many on the list as unqualied litical cronies. sevel holdovers in vital posts were approd. among th the defense minister and the minisr of interior. along with the ministe of finance, educati, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassor today and asked him how bia setbk this was to karzai. >> imay be a temporary setback for e president but it's a step forwd for the democracy in afgnistan. it's really happy fothe parliament of afghistan to do theirob the way they are supposedo be doing. >> warner: that seems like strange reacti. a tback for the president but you think it's a good thing? >> we are bu
karzai and his leadership to address this. >> what's your sense of that? have you seen any change in president's karzai steps? >> he's looking to ministers. he and i actually talked about this. his strategic intent is there. what struck me in meeting with these elders was the evolution of this corruption. so, it wasn't something that was always there. it's been over the last decade or so that they spoke to it. these same elders said to me that they were embarrassed that the united states soldier, sailors, airmen, marines were dying for them. they want to lead this effort. they appreciate what we've done, but they really want to lead this effort and this is something i know the president, president karzai is trying to engender in his leadership with his people. >> but what you talk about the leadership issue. you talked in the past about interviews about the critical need of good, local leadership. president karzai, by many accounts, is not moving forward in his second term. you know, his appointments to the cabinet were largely rejected by parliament and many on grounds that these
others have spoken to the need for president karzai and his leadership to address this. >> what's your sense of that? have you seen any change in president karzai's footsteps? >> initially -- he was -- looking to ministers and he and i actually talked about this in his strategic intent is there. what struck me in meeting with these elders was the evolution of this corruption. so it wasn't something that was always there. it has been over the last decade or so that they spoke to it. these same elders said to me that they were embarrassed, that the united states soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines were dieing and they want to lead this effort. they appreciate what we have done but they really want to lead this effort and this is something i know the president, president karzai, is trying to engender in his leadership with his people. >> you talk about the leadership issue and talked in the past and in interviews about the critical need of good local leadership. president karzai, by many accounts, is not moving forward in his second term. the -- his appointments to the cabinet were largely
this week. move in return for this additional commitment, we must agree with president karzai's plan for the expansion of the afghan army and police. we will agree today that the afghan national army will # 134,000 by october 2010. and more by 2011. we will commit to supporting a police report with afghan national police numbers preeti 9000 by october of this year. this is a present bigger than our coalition forces. we need more international trainers to do this. we are doubling the number of military teams for the afghan police starting in april of this afghan security forces will be 300,000. international forces will rise to 135,000. the balance will continue to ship toward afghan security control. as president obama made clear last month, by the middle of next year, we have to turn the tide in the fight against the insurgency and also in our work to support the afghan government. today we affirm that the increase in our military efforts must be matched with governance in economic development, a surge to match and complement the current military surge. we have agreed today to back
with on for hours. this came a day after president hamid karzai tuck -- calls for talks with the taliban in london. talking to the insurgents is an idea that is not gaining ground as a way to end a conflict here. president karzai's election opponent has announced his support. >> i do believe we should reach out to the people we are fighting against in these provinces. we should reach out to them like brothers. we will see if there are people who will speak to us. they only want to bring the state down. they do not believe in the process. >> behind-the-scenes, it appears the contact is being made. a western official told the bbc that the un special envoy was seeking talks with the representative from the taliban leadership. we could not confirm whether discussions had taken place. all the afghan government has been publicly reaching out to the taliban, it is not clear what the movement will do. it seems unlikely taliban leadership will engage in talks any time soon. instead, continuing to lead an insurgency which is growing in strength year by year. bbc news, kabul. >> russia has carried out the fi
than the government pays policeman and soldiers and now president karzai says japan and otr countries will put up the ca to lure em back. he's g to come up wi something. when you speak to ordinary people here, they think he' too much under the thb of the british andhe warlds and so on. there's huge re-eltion -- his re-election is greatly estioned. is he weak president >> partly true. partly not true. as far as the mans of power are concerned,es. my presidency is week. as to the means of power. which mes money andquipment which means maower, which means capacity. t where legitimacy is concerned fothe past eight years afghanistan has had perhaps the most legitimate of gornments ever seen. >> the british and aricans have h their doubts abou that, which s anned him greatl now themericans and the british and the rest need him to succeed. becausthey want tget out of here as sooas possible. if predent karzai could win over big sectis of the 258 taliban, it won't just help them, it'll help them too. bbc news kbul. >> stay with us, if you can. still tocome, 're in the mo dangerous world inhe
. the fighting was to last for hours. this all came a day after president thomas karzai called for talks with the taliban at a conference in london. he unveiled a plan to win over foot soldiers. talking to the insurgents is an idea that is gaining ground as a way to end conflict. president karzai's election -- opponent has announced support. >> i do think we need to reach out the people. we need to do that province by province, locality by locality, and see if there are willing -- if there are people willing to join us. they do not believe in democratic process. >> from behind the scenes, it appears as if contact has been made. a western official told us the u.n. special on boy to the country has had secret talks with a representative from the taliban leadership. they refuse to confirm whether any discussions have taken place. while the afghan government has been publicly reaching out to the taliban, it is not clear what the movement will do. it seems unlikely the taliban leadership will engage in talks any time soon. continuing to lead an insurgency, it is growing in strength the year
president karzai says japan and other countries will put up the cash to lure them back. he's got to come up with something. when you speak to ordinary people here, they think he's too much under the thumb of the british and the warlords and so on. there's huge re-election -- his re-election is greatly questioned. is he weak president? >> partly true. partly not true. as far as the means of power are concerned, yes. my presidency is week. as to the means of power. which means money and equipment which means manpower, which means capacity. but where legitimacy is concerned for the past eight years afghanistan has had perhaps the most legitimate of governments ever seen. >> the british and americans have had their doubts about that, which has annoyed him greatly. now the americans and the british and the rest need him to succeed. because they want to get out of here as soon as possible. if president karzai could win over big sections of the 258 taliban, it won't just help them, it'll help them too. bbc news kabul. >> stay with us, if you can. still to come, we're in the most dangerous world i
responsibiliti forces late this year, or early next year. president hamid karzai said that training the afghans could take five to ten years. and that foreign troops might be needed for 15 years. in tonight's lead focus, we're going to hr about another key component of the emerging afghanistan strategy. from london, chris ship of itn tells us about the newly devised plan to win over the taliban by buying their support. >> reporter: it is easy to be cynical about the conference in afghanistan. in a stately mansion in london where they ate sea bass for lunch. but 60 countries are here today, working on an international plan to end the grueling conflict which has been dragging on for nine years. for the first time the world's military and diplomat elite are preparing a high-risk strategy of buying off the taliban and talking to their leaders. >> let us welcome the plans from president karzai and the government of afghanistan. for an afghan led peace and reintegration program that offers insurgents a way back into mainstream ife. on the condition that they continue to renounce violence, cut any tie
hamid karzai told the conference that is country is moving slowly toward national security but that training security forces could take years. at an opening session this morning, the british and that an leaders and the un secretary general outlined their goals for the conference. . . >> in the last year britain has suffered hundreds of fatalities per he to the countries represented today recognizes that this mission is vital for our national security. it is vital to the stability of this crucial region and it is vital to the security of our world. we set out last autumn on strategies and we're making progress. the military search is turning to the tide against the taliban- led insurgency. it is at the same time building the capacity of the afghan forces who are fighting alongside us. a civilian surge is insuring that areas are cleared of the taliban and our stabilization teams go in to work with local to halt ground that has been a superdelegate. britain is proud that we lead the largest civilian reconstruction team in afghanistan. during 2009, we doubled the number of brit
government as well. guest: years ago when he met with hamid karzai at a dinner, someone said to him, mr. president, how are you going to address this problem of corruption? in fact, he said, what problem? joe biden, famously -- dinner was over -- he threw his napkin down and said, this dinner is over, and walked out. nothing has happened to defrost his relations with president karzai. both biden and richard holbrooke have terrible relations with karzai. host: james traub is with us to talk about the influence of joe biden. republicans, 202-737-0001. democrats, 202-737-0002. independents, 202-628-0205. you can send us an e-mail or tweet us at. next phone call. caller: i think our president is doing very well. if we wanted joe biden as president, he would be president. i like the idea that our president is intelligent. he is not a puppet, like the last eight years. i think he is doing what he is supposed to be doing. host: james traub? guest: i guess i would agree, in general. he believes he could be a good president. i believe this is almost a desirable alternative. he is a very knowledg
-nation conference on the future of afghanistan. afghan president hamid karzai said he expects foreign forces to be in his country for up to 15 years. there was also talk of a new plan to win over the taliban by allowing them into the afghanistan government. the executive of foreign editor of the london telegraph, also a terrorism expert. it is kind of like talking about both sides of your mouth. we say that this is one of the most brutal regimes on the planet and yet that they want to allow them into the afghanistan government. what do you make of that? >> reporter: well, this is a very ambitious program. the heart of the matter here is that there is a core of the taliban, the original founders who are never going to give in to the west and are always going to be an enemy. in recent years because of the we the afghan press has been handled the strength of the taliban has ground. there are a lot of people who would not normally support the taliban have been drawn in. the plan is to try and persuade them to come back into the mainstream of afghan politics by paying to lay down their guns. trac
't have to continue. khzaei -- karzai was a great hope. everyone no knows him respected him. he might change his mind. the pressures that led him to permit and maybe support this corrupt structure could be reversed over time. the people up and down that structure might change their mind. the parliament is -- has stood up against his nominations. who's knows who's going to happen up and down that road. if we succeed in something that we can do, peter has pointed out the crucial important to the kandahar road. than doesn't be impossible to secure that. that changes the economic nature of southern afghanistan. it could get better. >> if i could just add one point. there's no question that the ghost of vietnam haunts this administration. i can tell you from being in it for 60 days. the ghost of what happened to lyndon johnson walks the corridors of this white house, it walks the corridors of this building every day. it's a mistake. we got to get over it. we got to stop fighting the vietnam war. i don't know whether we could have won or not, but it is not relevant to afghanistan. as marc p
capital. president karzai says order has been restored to the streets after teams of militants attacked government buildings. at least five people were killed. the attacks came at the same time that karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. >>> and president bill clinton heads to haiti. with more reports of scattered violence and looting, new troops on the way. an american health organization now estimates as many as 100,000 people were killed. >>> "the new york times" is reportedly set to begin charging readers for access to its website. the newspaper is expected to announce in the coming weeks a metered pay plan, where viewers will have access to a number of free articles before being asked to subscribe. >> they got to do it. >> they got to do it, i understand this. >> if you do great work, don't give your writing away, don't give your features away, don't give journalism away. >> i hope it works. 77% would not be willing to pay to read content online. we shall see. let's go to willie to sports. >> i have to show you the back cover of "the new york post." rex ryan. the jets i
. the book centers on this incident which i described where u.s. special operators blocked hamid karzai's planned governor for kabul. she interweaves into it a very well-written and interestingly a history that is well-written, well-organized, and based on a lot of her own research with the original sources. a second really important understanding of the country can be gotten from joe haversty's book "the opium season" which details a year in which he was involved in as a subcontractor in the usaid efforts in 2 004-2005 to provide alternative livelihood's to draw with the work force from up opium production. it gives a great view of the violence and corruption. and moreover it shows the bureaucratic profiteering and dysfunction that is increasing the complexity and cost of our involvement, not just in war, but in development. a third source, and i think it is outstanding if you want to understand the country is rory stewart, who within weeks after the fall of the taliban walked to kabul in the winter which is supposed to kill you and through pashtun villages and described that experienc
this week. and karzai raised some eyebrows, it seems, by suggesting reconciliation with taliban leadership. this is by people on the ground, low-level folks, the u.s. working a way to work with those kind of taliban. but in terms of the leadership, does karzai have any international support for this concept? >> absolutely. i don't know, i mean, certainly as far as we're concerned, we weren't raising our eyebrows. that's what we were expecting to hear. because if you want to win against an insurgency, you've got to have strong military force, you've got to put pressure on the insurgents. but ultimately, this is going to be won by political means. you've got to divide the opposition and pull across as many people as possible. and that's going to happen bottom up with the low-level fighters and the middle level fighters and the tribal leaders. >> is that realistic, to think that taliban leaders want a political solution? i mean, do you make that distinguish -- i know the taliban does not equal al qaeda, but is it realistic? >> not for every single one. i think in any insurgency, in any confli
've just actually just straight from a meeting with president karzai of afghanistan who here in london for this conference. and i think it's important that the government of afghanistan does more to demonstrate that it's toughing out corruption. that it's embarking on property government and proper reform. but i think we should be clear, you know, we're not in afghanistan. to back up one particular government or one particular individual. and i don't think we're in afghanistan, frankly, to produce the perfect jeffersonian democracy. we're there because we do nt want ala and the taliban to have control of that country again. and we should have a pretty hard-headed view that what we are in this for is some basic level of stability and security so that country doesn't threaten our own security back at home any more. >> do you believe -- >> and in that case we did:bring our troops home. >> rose: do you believe that can be achieved in the next two years because the president said et cetera's going to begin to think about bringing american troops back after 18 months. >> my view is, obviousl
on the roof firing into the neighboring buildings. not far away, president karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. this is the man who has to try to persuade the world that he is winning the war against the taliban. president obama's special envoy in india dismissed the attack as the trial and doomed. the streets are quiet tonight. for hours today, they belong to a dozen desperate men, armed and determined, knowingly going to their own tests to show the world what they're capable of. -- they were knowingly willing to go to their own deaths to show the world what they are capable of. >> china confounding all expectations. new figures released by the government suggests it grew 8.7% last year. that puts it on course to overtake japan as the world's second-biggest economy. about 300 people died in clashes between muslims and christians in the central nigerian city. houses were set on fire. thousands of people were made homeless. curfew was imposed. restrictions were later relaxed for the residents to get food and water. in one of the biggest corporate failures in japan's history, the
. not so much optimism so much that they have received that hamid karzai is the winner and the united states is in again in a big way. >> is there also a reality in that their daily lives are improving? >> the improvements have been gradual. there is only a little improvement on transportation and education. there is no improvement on their sense of security from the taliban. they have seen some improvements. they are not dramatic. what has changed is their estimation of what the next few years will bring. they are staking out their future that the americans will somehow prevail. >> looked, they're saying this strategy is working. flexed too early to say that it is working, but i would say that there is a battle for the sections to be one -- >> it is too early to say that it is working, but i would said there's a battle for the elections of the future. afghanistan may be turning a corner. but there's also a lot wrong with the ordinary lives of afghans. over the last five years it has increased, but it could fade away. >> you mentioned that people were aware that the election was fraud
. >> let us wcome the plans fm presiden karzai andhe gornment of afghanistan. resurgence who are prepared to renouniolence offer them a way back gqz mainstam l. >> reporter: the leaders will back a multimillion pound fund split taliban fighters. into those motivatedby ideology and thoseotivated by money. e military alone cannot win is war, it means a political settlement with the taliban is becoming a harsh reality. we must rch out to all of our countrymen. especially our disenchanted brotherswho are not part of al qaeda, or other interests. >> repter: that will include members al qaeda. >> if they put down their weaponsb-u accept the afgh democry, i don't see anyway forheir reintration into the afghan society. >> reporter: iran is a notle absent from these lks, where e internatnal coalition knows itoes not haveong befo public good will toward afghanisnuns dry. >> even before today's meeting, efforts were bng made t buy the suppt of afghans who might turn against the taliban. the new york time reports tt the leaders ofone of the largestribes in southeast afghanistan arfed up with
stated to be beginning about 18 months after to give karzai and his regime enough time to stand up and fight for itself. we will see. host: we have our numbers on the screen and we will get to the calls in immelman. -- in a moment. you laid out a number of issues which have to be practical issues that have to be dealt with, but the fact of the matter is that you bring vietnam and it becomes a political issue as well. tell us how you view this as a political issue. guest: the lesson that we need to learn, i think, from john kennedy's experience is this. he was with -- he was withdrawing at the time. we have the classified documents. but he did not tell the truth to the american people why? for political reasons. he wanted to get it reelected in 1964. he had begun to order the withdrawal in 1963. host: and these would have been the trainer said you talked about. guest: 16,000 of visors, not combat troops. but my point is that obama should not repeat that experience. he is clearly going to do the best that we can in a given amount of time, but what we face the prospect -- if we face t
analysts and commanders with the information they need. meantime, afghan president hamid karzai is expected to present a new list of cabinet nominees to parliament saturday. lawmakers last week rejected most of karzai's picks. and the family of the jordanian doctor who killed eight people on a c.i.a. base in afghanistan last week says he wanted to die in a holy war. abulawi had been recruited by jordanian intelligence to help the u.s. effort against al-qaeda. we have another account of stimulus money going to places that don't exist. and up next, what about the promises of transparency in healthcare reform talks? needs ts tomorrow morning. we should send them overnight with fedex. i already sent them. i didn't use fedex. better cross your fingers. [ man ] oh, yeah, the accident. well, you better knock on wood. remember, we did a green renovation in here, there's no wood. but russ bought a rabbit's foot. 's a bear claw. you could throw salt over your shoulder. actually, that's a salt substitute. but you should find dan -- i think he's a leprechaun. what is it about me that says leprechaun? c
. lot of our senior team in the country. spend 90 minutes with president karzai and most importantly we got out to a agaabad valley and met with the team on the ground there. i told the president in february and i kept my word to him, that if he would give our soldiers the resources they needed to get the job done and come home safe he'd have our support. i expressed the night of the president's west point address concern about the timetable of withdrawal. july of 2011 beginning withdrawal. i don't think it makes sense on a battlefield to tell the enemy when you're going to stop fighting. [applause]. so - i'm - i was pleaseed the president called for reinforcements but i wanted to ask tough questions. what i can report to you as general mcchrystal actually answers to people like me but i answer to people like you so i'll report to you, that i'm told that they have the resources and personnel in the decision that the president has made to get the job done. um... - if they have the time to do it. that's issue. i talked to the afghan leaders and rank and file military afghan militants in t
karzai and with his cabinet on numerous occasions, notably with the trip that hillary clinton and i had made to afghanistan on october 18 and 19 in conjunction with the inauguration. the afghans understood this, they are very comfortable with it. so i need to underscore that's what july 2011 means. not a withdraw, but the start of a responsibility transition in which american combat troops will begin to draw down. on the second question and in regard to pakistan, i'm not sure quite how you phrase it. strobe, you made a generic comment? >> mike hamlin and his colleagues have put together a set of bench marks on sort of how things are going. and the trend that they feel they have identified in pakistan is ominous, negative by comparison with a year ago. >> yeah. i read mike's monthly, it's quarterly, actually, isn't it? i read mike's quarterly table with great interest. and it@@@@@@p it's a common problem i've seen in every war i've been involved in. let's not confuse the number of cell phones with low the war is going. let's not minimize that cell phone penetration is a hugely important
ability for governments. this was discussed at length to present karzai, and with his cabinet on numerous occasions, notably in putting the trip that hillary clinton and i made an afghanistan in october 18 and 19th in conjunction with president karzai's inauguration. the afghans understood this. they are very comfortable with it. . . to underscore that's what july 2011 means. not a withdraw, but the start of a responsibility transition in which american combat troops will begin to draw down. on the second question and in regard to pakistan, i'm not sure quite how you phrase it. strobe, you made a generic comment? >> mike hamlin and his colleagues have put together a set of bench marks on sort of how things are going. and the trend that they feel they have identified in pakistan is ominous, negative by comparison with a year ago. >> yeah. i read mike's monthly, it's quarterly, actually, isn't it? i read mike's quarterly table with great interest. and it helped -- influenced me a lot as we tried to develop our own benchmarks. but i think we have to be very careful about two things. maybe th
hope you are speaking for yourself. >> you have done a great job with karzai. this is an opportunity for us to make sure that more draconian steps are taken and said if they steps that have yielded little results. >> i could not agree with you more. i cannot disagree with you at all. this is a moment and it will take a tough hand. >> i noticed the vote has not gone off. and to set fashion, which are drifting along here. -- in truth senate fashion, we are drifting along here. >> i'd prefer to look at this as an opportunity to finish my questions. i.t. why for being here and for your insights. -- thank you for your being here a year and says. my first question before i ask more about the long term, if each of you are satisfied that everything is currently being done that can be done with the short-term relief efforts, dr. former, you talk about how slow the relief efforts are and to a great extent that is because of the lack of infrastructure. is there more than should be done right now to address those relief efforts? >> thank you. i think there is a mismatch between the degree of int
ghanistan saf and r own country sar. >> rose: d president karzai s anything toou that assured you of whatever misgivingsou might have about corruption and the dependence ofis governmen on foreignelp. >> well, i have rsed-- i've been leader of the opposition for four years. i'veeen to afanistan every year. i've matt president karzai on pretty much every occasion. i thinit was the sixth time iave met him this morning. what say is ihave always raised the issue of corruption. and the assurances e alwa given. but we nd to do more, there is nooubt there is still a level corruptn. it is to the just in the ghan government, but in me of the provinces as well you know, i think we can have an overromant sized view about the sorof country afghanian is. it is a desperatelyoor cotry in a very backwards stage of develment. and we have to have realistic assessmes of what we can achieve. >> rose: and i in fact, the liban gain control of afghanistan it will prode a haven for al qaeda which is unceptable. >> of course. i mes that's why 're there. it's becausehat when the liban were runnin afghanist
opinion on. it is something that president karzai has announced, a rather ambitious agenda for himself and his country. when there is an alleged oral process, not very much else -- when there is an electoral process, the afghan government is going to have a way that. having elections in may will probably be very technically challenging. that is the decision they ahve to ma -- have to make. they have the right to postpone the election for security reasons. if this is the right they choose to exercise, we could have a number of reforms that could be put in place. the government is going to have to weigh the costs in terms of the focus of the country and how much reform can be done. >> maybe just to add to that, i think one of the problems that you mentioned earlier is the process of decision making. whether the elections are in may, september, they are delayed one year, when you make a decision, you can get about governance in the interim without as much disruption. unfortunately, what tends to happen, you get this offer and counteroffer going back and forth. you can't actually realize t
described where u.s. special operators blocked karzai's planned governor for kabul but she interweaves into it a very well written and interestingly -- history that is well written and well organized and -- and based on a lett of her own research with the original sources, a second reading -- rell important understanding of the country can be gotten from joel's book the opium season. and that details a year in which he was involved in a -- as a -- subcontractor in u.s. a.i.d. efforts in 2004 and 2005 to provide alternative livelihoods, to -- to draw away the work force from opium production. and it gives a great view of the violence and corruption and this complex tribal and world relations. and moreover, it shows the bureaucratic prove fit tiering and dysfunction that -- is -- is increasing the complexity and cost of our involvement, not just in war but in -- in development. a third source and it is outstanding if you want to understand the country is roshy stewart, wo within weeks after the fall of the taliban walked from iraq to kabul in the winter, which is supposed to kill you. an
on afghanistan reveals how difficult it will be for president hamid karzai to make good on his promise to crack down on rampant corruption in that country. the u.n. office on drugs and crime says $2.5 billion in bribes were paid to public officials over the past 12 months. those bribes added up to almost a quarter of afghanistan's gross domestic product. one person in two in afghanistan had to pay at least one kickback in the last year. >>> corruption, you may recall, is also a big issue in china. today a former judge on china's highest court was sentenced to life in prison for accepting almost $600,000 in bribes. but he's hardly alone. china's official anti-corruption commission said that 106,000 officials were found guilty of corruption last year. last week, the office of the top prosecutor said 4,000 chinese officials had fled the country with a total of $50 billion in stolen cash over the last three decades. which takes to us this question. as chinese technology helps power that country toward surpassing japan as the world's second largest economy after the u.s., is china stealing to get th
today from afghan president hamid karzai and other afghan ministers, but keep in mind, this was a very well-organized complex attack that lasted for five-some hours. in talking to a u.s. official who said while the loss of life was relatively small in comparison to the size and scale of the attack, probably a case of afghan security forces being more lucky than good. there just isn't the capability yet for the afghan security forces to prevent this type of attack. it took several hundred if not several thousand afghan police and military officials to prevent nearly 20 or so taliban insurgents. this fighting lasted nearly all day. they're just not capable yet of preventing these types of attacks. patti ann: conor powell live in campbell afghanistan. thank you. trace: it has been six years since drew pearson's third wife mysteriously drowned in a dry bathtub. today he is heading to court. two of his wives gone. one dead, the other still missing. today a judge will hear what and kathleen savio told people about her fears. can she speak to the court from the grave? next. patti ann: taking
in the strained review from the time of the karzai re-election there until the time of the west point speech. i think it's interesting that he has rallied a majority support now for his decision. of course, the left is not happy, but the left is not happy with president obama over many things from last year. and it was a tough year to rally the base for the election. >> bret: charles? >> if a democratic congress in 2007 and 2008 were to fund the iraq war, which it dispeased led by president bush who was also despised, there is no way in which democratic house and senate will deny obama the funds in the afghan war which democrats insisted year after year after year in the bush years was the good war, the right war and just war. obama took a long time and the fact he deliberated so long indicated how uncomfortable he was with the decision he ultimately took and that was aggravated by the fact immediately as we saw on the clip, immediately after announce ing thing thae i addition he said we're withdrawaling in 18 months. he said it's a hard date. it doesn't mean that everybody leave bus the beginn
runoff, thereby taking the initial iec countdown to 50% and having president karzai accept that. which i think was a good step for afghanistan. of course, the runoff never happened when the opponent pulled out, but they were able to maintain that the rule of law does matter to some degree in afghanistan. let me just briefly introduce our three distinguished speakers and turn it over to them to speak just for a few minutes, probably no more than 10 minutes each if you can keep it to that so that we can have a frank and vibrant discussion in q&a after that. to my far left is scott ward iw who was on a leave of absence last year to work as one of the three international members of the electoral complaints commission. scott was also involved in the elections in 2005 for parliament when he was with the jemb. you have their bios in front of you, so i will not go into too much detail. isabel has also worked in afghanistan back in 2005 as a political adviser. she knows quite a bit about afghanistan's elections and has been following the process is very closely. finally to my left, grant kippen,
that it does not pose a threat to the stability and security of the people. president karzai announced he would be holding jerka which is a traditional afghan mechanism for trying to reconcile competing views and reach decisions. it was natural for him to say that if they are going to have a peace jerga that people who do not agree with you should normally come. we have a very clear understanding of what we expect in this process. we expect that a lot of the foot soldiers on the battlefield will be leaving the taliban because many of them have wanted to leave. many of them are tired of fighting. we believe the tide is beginning to turn against them and we need incentives in order to protect them and provide alternatives to them to replace the payment they receive as taliban fighters. this is similar to what the american military did in iraq. it became clear that a number of iraqis were tired of the brutality and barbarism of al qaeda as they began to see the potential alternatives available to them in the political system, they began to talk with our military personnel about changing allegiance
and parnerring with the afghans. >> afghan president hamid karzai foresees the presence of troops in his country for the next ten years. >>> coming up on "news4 at 6," we'll tell you about a school district in virginia that's pulling a version of the diary of anne frank off of shelves. >>> authorities want to put in cameras on the dulles toll road. boss: hey, those gecko ringtones you put on our website are wonderful. people love 'em! gecko: yeah, thank you sir. turned out nice. boss: got another one for you. anncr: at geico.com, it's easy to get a free rate quote, manage your policy, make payments or even file a claim! boss: now that's a ringtone. gecko: uh yeah...it's interesting.... certainly not the worst ringtone i've ever heard... ♪ ringtone lyrics: a-ringedy- ding-ding-dingy-do, ringedy-dong-ding-ding... ♪ gecko (to himself): yeah, that might be the worst. anncr: geico. 15 minutes could save you 15% or more on car insurance. >>> bob is here with another check on our weather. >> a little balmy today. remember it well. >> started cold but then it got nice. >> you wait. until tomorrow an
barack obama, a push from president hamid karzai and all the na nato-led countries is to increase security forces so eventually they can take over the burden of protecting afghanistan. but the fear here is right now the taliban will take advantage of that and actually try to infiltrate. i was out with the ana recruiters just a couple weeks ago, and it really looked to be more about quantity than it was about quality. >> that would be a problem, atia, as you know. we understand the taliban, and meanwhile, has come out with a year-end statement. what are you hearing they're saying there? >> reporter: this is quite surprising. the taliban on their website also came out with a year-end 2009 statement saying that they're very happy and calling 2009 a very successful year when it comes to their politics, when it comes to their fighting on the front lines and their propaganda. well, they say their public relations with the media. and they also have a look ahead for 2010, and they say they'll start launching major military operations in april. that's no big surprise because that is consid
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